Chloroquine dosing for lupus retina

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    Chloroquine dosing for lupus retina


    Pattern of Retinopathy: Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian patients often show an extramacular pattern of damage. Dose: We recommend a maximum daily HCQ use of 5.0 mg/kg real weight, which correlates better with risk than ideal weight.

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    Sep 15, 2014 Specifically, a daily dose of 6.5mg/kg based on ideal body weight and a cumulative dose of 1000g of hydroxychloroquine or 460g of chloroquine are both considered risk factors for retinal toxicity. Therefore, lower daily doses do not necessarily preclude patients from developing toxicity due to the risk from cumulative dosage. Chloroquine CQ is used to prevent and treat malaria and amebiasis, while hydroxychloroquine HCQ, a less toxic metabolite of chloroquine, is used to treat rheumatic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, rheumatoid arthritis RA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis JIA and Sjogren's syndrome. Mar 15, 2019 The first reports of retinal toxicity attributed to chloroquine appeared during the late 1950s. In 1958, Cambiaggi first described the classic retinal pigment changes in a patient receiving chloroquine for systemic lupus erythematous SLE.

    Risk of Toxicity: The risk of toxicity is dependent on daily dose and duration of use. There are no similar demographic data for CQ, but dose comparisons in older literature suggest using 2.3 mg/kg real weight.

    Chloroquine dosing for lupus retina

    Chloroquine retinopathy - Wikipedia, Chloroquine And Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity - StatPearls.

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  6. At first, 10 milligram mg per kilogram kg of body weight. Then, 5 mg per kg of body weight taken 6 hours, 24 hours, and 36 hours after the first dose. For treatment of liver infection caused by protozoa Adults—1000 milligrams mg once a day, taken for 2 days.

    • Chloroquine Oral Route Proper Use - Mayo Clinic.
    • Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Practice..
    • Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki.

    The maximum dose of Plaquenil is 6.5 mg/kg of ideal body weight per day, regardless of whether a person is overweight, underweight, or normal weight. One kilogram kg equals 2.2 pounds. Women with lupus who are OVER their ideal body weight should go by these dosing rules 5’ 7” or higher - up to 400 mg Plaquenil daily Apr 20, 2011 Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Usual Adult Dose for Malaria Prophylaxis. 500 mg chloroquine phosphate 300 mg base orally on the same day each week Comments-If possible, suppressive therapy should start 2 weeks prior to exposure; if unable to start 2 weeks before exposure, an initial loading dose of 1 g chloroquine phosphate 600 mg base may be taken orally in 2 divided doses, 6 hours apart.

     
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    Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects - Apr 10, 2019 Common Plaquenil side effects may include headache, dizziness, ringing in your ears; nausea, vomiting, stomach pain; loss of appetite, weight loss; mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable; skin rash or itching; or. hair loss.

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